The UK Bible Students Website
A The Apostle Peter is speaking to the married couple, one or both of whom is a Christian believer. Matrimony is a figure of the spiritual union of Christ and the Church: she, Christ’s Bride, submits to Him, not the other way round.
Superimposing this figure on the text in question, the husband – who may or may not himself be a Christian (see v. 1) – is exhorted to treat his wife with respect and tender affection because having submitted herself to him in Christian matrimony, she has made herself vulnerable (Gk., asthênēs – strengthless).
As regards the faith, the wife is an equal heir with her husband of the ‘gracious gift of life [eternal]’: ‘There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.’ (Gal. 3: 28).
The husband is obliged to follow Christ’s example of self-abnegation and service, and must not mistreat or otherwise take advantage of his wife, else his own standing before the Lord will be damaged. He is to take care that ‘nothing hinder his prayers’ (v. 7). See also 1 Peter 2: 21-25.
In the wider social order, women and men should be regarded as equals. Physical strength and mental acuity may vary between the sexes, but Peter is not addressing this point.
Note: For a comprehensive discussion of the role of women and men in society, see our six-part series, beginning at
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