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Scripture references are to the King James (Authorised) Version
Q Hebrews 1: 8: Unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
The passage is a quotation from Psa. 45:7.
The one who has ‘loved righteousness and hated iniquity’ is a clear reference to Jesus, who by perfect faithfulness to His Father demonstrated the truth of what the Father had declared of Him at His baptism ‘this is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased’ (Matt. 3:17).
At Jesus’ baptism at Jordan, God anointed Him with the holy spirit (‘oil of gladness’). Jesus received the holy spirit ‘without measure’, whereas the members of His Church, fellow-priests (‘thy fellows’) did not (John 3:34, 35). Indeed, the reference to ‘thy fellows’ tellingly rules out God Himself from the comparison.
But why is Jesus called ‘God’? Because He is ‘as God’, the ‘God with us’, the one referred to in John 1:3 as the (pre-human) Word, without whom ‘was not anything made that was made’.
The same idea is also referenced in succeeding verses of Heb. 1, specifically vs. 10-12, which St. Paul extracts from Psa. 102:25-27:
10. And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: 11. They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 12. And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
25. Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27. but thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.
The extraordinary power and status accorded to the glorified Jesus should never blind us to the fact that Jehovah alone is God Almighty. But it is evident that Jesus is no mere man He is as God would be were there no God.